[1]张兴宝. 地铁列车制动距离及制动减速度相关问题研究[J].机车电传动,2016,(05):1-5.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2016.05.107]
 ZHANG Xingbao. Research on the Related Problems of Braking Distance and Deceleration of Metro Trains[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2016,(05):1-5.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2016.05.107]
点击复制

 地铁列车制动距离及制动减速度相关问题研究()
分享到:

机车电传动[ISSN:1000-128X/CN:43-1125/U]

卷:
期数:
2016年05期
页码:
1-5
栏目:
城 市 轨 道 车 辆
出版日期:
2016-09-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
 Research on the Related Problems of Braking Distance and Deceleration of Metro Trains
作者:
 张兴宝
 (西安市地下铁道有限责任公司 运营分公司,陕西 西安 710016)
Author(s):
 ZHANG Xingbao
 ( Operating Branch, Xi’an Metro Co., Ltd., Xi’an, Shaanxi 710018, China )
关键词:
 地铁列车空走时间初速度减速度制动距离
Keywords:
 metro train empty walking time initial velocity deceleration braking distance
分类号:
U231;U260.35
DOI:
10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2016.05.107
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
 为制定在特殊天气情况下(雾、雾霾)列车出库时的应急预案,以及准确掌握列车在不同初速度下的紧急制动距离,在试车线对西安地铁1、2 号线车辆在不同初速度下的紧急制动距离进行测试。对测试结果进行理论分析与现场验证,得出:在制动系统相同的情况下,制动初速度越大,空走时间对制动减速度的影响就越小,平均减速度越接近瞬时减速度,在同等制动级位下,纯空气制动和电控混合制动虽然均满足减速度要求,但减速度值大小不尽相同;在制动系统不同的情况下,制动供货商设计和确定的系统减速度下限值、闸瓦材质、空走时间、所选的理论计算模型,以及外界测试工况对制动减速度和制动距离均有影响。
Abstract:
 In order to develop the emergency plans of train leaving the storehouse in special weather conditions(fog, haze and so on), and accurately grasp the train emergency braking distance in different initial velocity, the test of Xi’an metro line 1 and 2 vehicles was put forward in the test line. With the theoretical analysis and field validation test results, it was concluded: with the same braking system, initial braking speed was larger, empty walk time influence on braking deceleration was small, and the average deceleration was approaching instantaneous deceleration; in the same braking grade, pure air brake and mixed electric brake even though both met the reduction speed requirements, but the deceleration values were different; in the different braking system, the designed and determined deceleration limit value, the brake shoe material, empty walking time, the theoretical calculation model and the external test conditions would influence the braking deceleration and braking distance.

参考文献/References:

 [1]GB/T 7928—2003 地铁车辆通用技术条件[S].
[2]CZJS/T 0005—2015 城市轨道交通装备技术规范 城市轨道交通车辆电控制动系统通用技术规范[S].
[3]EN 13452-1:2003 Railway application-Braking-Mass transit brake systems Part 1:Performance requirements[S].
[4]李毅. 高速列车紧急制动距离的探讨[J]. 大连交通大学学报,2014(5):29-33.
[5]李耘茏,刘斌. 地铁车辆制动控制与纵向冲击[J]. 电力机车与城轨车辆,2013(6):19-22.
[6]韩志卫,任良军. 地铁列车冲击速度计算方法研究[J]. 铁道车辆,2011(12):32-33.
[7]朱文卿,吴晓彪. 关于高速列车紧急制动平均减速度的探讨[J].铁道车辆,2013(9):8-9 .
[8]吴萌岭,程光华,王孝延,等. 列车制动减速度控制问题探讨[J].铁道学报,2009(1):94-97.
[9]张开文,杨祥根. 高速列车制动距离与减速度[J]. 铁道机车车辆,1996(2):17-19.
[10]曲志恒,曲星照. 列车制动距离换算坡度的计算方法及系数确定[J]. 铁道运输与经济,2008(1):84-90.
[11]GB/T 14894—2005 城市轨道交通车辆组装后的检查与试验规则[S].
[12]饶忠. 列车制动[M]. 北京:中国铁道出版社,2012.
[13]刘建秀,李蔚,韩长生. 高速列车刹车材料的性能综述[J].江苏冶金,2003(4):16-18.

相似文献/References:

[1]黄 舰,曲健伟.地铁列车基于惰行控制的节能优化运行研究[J].机车电传动,2015,(03):69.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2015.03.019]
 HUANG Jian,QUJianwei.Study on Energy Saving and Optimization Controlof Metro Vehicle Based on Coasting Control[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2015,(05):69.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2015.03.019]
[2]倪大成,徐绍龙,周永刚.地铁列车电制动负荷分配技术研究[J].机车电传动,2015,(05):56.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2015.05.016]
 NI Dacheng,XU Shaolong,ZHOU Yonggang.Study on Key Technology of Electric Braking Load Distribution for Metro Vehicle[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2015,(05):56.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2015.05.016]
[3]唐斌,张大涛.地铁信号的列车防护解除及应用[J].机车电传动,2015,(01):62.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2015.01.017]
 TANG Bin,ZHANG Datao.Train Protection Canceling and Application for Metro Signals[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2015,(05):62.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2015.01.017]
[4]俞太亮,张明.地铁列车洗车模式下牵引控制方式探讨[J].机车电传动,2014,(06):75.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2014.06.020]
 YU Tailiang,ZHANG Ming.Discussion of Metro Vehicle Traction Control under Washing Mode[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2014,(05):75.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2014.06.020]
[5]陈刚.基于嵌入式Linux的地铁列车状态显示装置的研究[J].机车电传动,2014,(06):85.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2014.06.024]
[6]吴克明,傅茂海,赵卫,等.地铁列车连挂碰撞仿真及吸能特性分析[J].机车电传动,2014,(05):59.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2014.05.016]
 WU Keming,FU Maohai,ZHAO Wei,et al.Simulation of Metro Vehicle Coupling Collision and Analysis of Energy Absorption Property[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2014,(05):59.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2014.05.016]
[7]张博,高世萍,王岩,等.空心电抗器磁场屏蔽效果研究[J].机车电传动,2014,(05):99.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2014.05.106]
 ZHANG Bo,GAO Shiping,WANG Yan,et al.Research of Magnetic Shielding Effect of Air-core Reactor[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2014,(05):99.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2014.05.106]
[8]丁荣军,张志学,李红波. 轨道交通能源互联网的思考[J].机车电传动,2016,(01):1.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2016.01.001]
 DING Rongjun,ZHANG Zhixue,LI Hongbo. An Overview on Rail Transit Energy Internet[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2016,(05):1.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2016.01.001]
[9]胡基贵,刘天赋. 从现代有轨电车技术的发展看中国研究方向[J].机车电传动,2016,(02):1.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2016.02.001]
 Hu Jigui,Liu Tianfu. Technical Development Direction of China Modern Tramcar[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2016,(05):1.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2016.02.001]
[10]卢 庆,梁汝军,石彩霞.一种新型地铁列车 AC 400 V 供电系统接地方式[J].机车电传动,2016,(02):57.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2016.02.015]
 LU Qing,LIANG Rujun,SHI Caixia.A New Grounding Method of AC 400 V Power Supply System for Metro Vehicle[J].Electric Drive for Locomotives,2016,(05):57.[doi:10.13890/j.issn.1000-128x.2016.02.015]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
 作者简介:张兴宝(1983-),男,工程师,现主要从事车间技术质量管理及员工培训工作。
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-09-08